|Name||Sri Guru Angad Sahib Ji |
(2nd Sikh Guru)
|Born||31st March 1504, Sarai Naga, Muktsar, Punjab|
|Joti Jot||(Rejoining with God) 16th April 1552 (aged 48) at Khadur Sahib|
|Guruship||18th September 1539 from age 35 for 13 years: 1539 to 1552|
|Father||Baba Pheru Mal|
|Mother||Mata Sabharee (Daya Kaur)|
|Children||Baba Dasu, Baba Dattu, Bibi Amro, and Bibi Anokhi|
|Predecessor||Sri Guru Nanak Sahib Ji|
|Successor||Sri Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji|
|Gurbani||Total of 63 Shabads and Saloks|
|Known for||Popularizing the Gurmukhi Script, To do Nishkam Sewa – Selfless Service|
Guru Angad (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ; 31 March 1504 – 28 March 1552) was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born in the village of Sarai Naga, previously named as ‘Matte Di SaraiSahib in Muktsar District in Punjab on 31 March 1504. The name Lehna was given shortly after his birth as was the custom of his
In 1538, Guru Nanak chose Lehna—his disciple—to be his successor as Sikhism’s Guru, rather than one of his sons. Lehna was then given the name Angad and designated as Guru Angad, becoming the second guru of the Sikhs. He continued on the work started by the first Sikh Guru.
Guru Angad married Mata Khivi in January 1520 and had two sons (Dasu and Datu) and two daughters (Amro and Anokhi). The entire family of his father had left their ancestral village in fear of the invasion of Babar’s armies. After this the family settled at Khadoor Sahib, a village by the River Beas near what is now Tarn Taran a small town about 25 km from the city of Amritsar, the holiest of Sikh cities.
The following is a summary of the main highlights of Guru Ji’s life:
• To do Nishkam Sewa Selfless Service to humanity.
• Stood for a casteless and classless society, in which no one was superior.
• Completely surrender to the Will of God.
• Disapproval of exhibitionism and hypocrisy.
• Formalised the present form of the Gurmukhi script.
Devotion And Service To Guru Nanak
Guru Angad, (Bhai Lehna Ji) was born in Sarai Naga, previously named as ‘Matte Di Sarai’, in Muktsar district in Punjab, on Vaisakh Vadi 1st, (5th Vaisakh) Samvat 1561, (31st March 1504). He was the son of a sucessful trader named Bhai Pheru Mall usually referred to as Bhai Pheru. His mother’s name was Mata Ramo Ji (also known as Mata Sabhirai, Mansa Devi, Daya Kaur). Baba Narayan Das Trehan was his Grandfather, whose ancestral house was at Sarai Naga near Sri Muktsar Sahib. Pheru Ji moved back to this place.
Under the influence of his mother, Mata Ramo, Bhai Lehna Ji began to worship Durga (a mythological hindu goddess). He used to lead a batch of worshippers to Jawalamukhi Temple every year. He was married to Mata Khivi Ji in Jaunary 1520 and had two sons (Bhai Dasu and Bhai Datu) and two daughters (Bibi Amro and Bibi Anokhi).
The whole family of Bhai Pheru had to leave their ancestral village because of the ransacking by the Mughal and Baloch militia who had come with Babur. After this the family settled at village Khadoor Sahib beside the Beas river, near Tarn Taran Sahib (A small town about 25 km. away from Amritsar City).
One day, Bhai Lehna heard the recitation of a hymn of Guru Nanak from Bhai Jodha a neighbour who was a follower of the Guru. His mind was captured by the tune and while on his annual pilgrimage to Jawalamukhi Temple he asked his group if they would mind going to see the Guru. Everyone thought this most inappropriate and refused. Not one to shirk his responsibilities, he was after all the guide and leader of the group, he couldn’t abandon them with thieves along the way. But man of honor and dharma that he was, the poems and prayers (kirtan) of Guru Nanak still held onto his every thought. So one night without telling anyone he mounted his horse and proceeded to the village now known as Kartarpur (God’s city) to visit with Guru Nanak.
Upon receiving directions to the Guru, Bhai Lehna found a number of people working on a field. Bhai Lehna did not recognize the Guru as he looked just like the ordinary field workers, and asked Guru Nanak if he could take him to the Guru. Nanak agreed and took the saddle strings of the horse while Bhai Lehna sat upon the horse comfortably. After some time the Guru reached his home and told Bhai Lehna to sit down whilst he went to get the Guru; when the Guru returned, this time after freshening up, Bhai Lehna realized instantly what a huge mistake he had made. He had several thoughts going through his head about what a huge sin he had committed by making the Guru pull him and his horse home whilst he sat upon the horse comfortably. His face at once dropped and Guru smiled, he asked what is your name, Bhai replied ‘Bhai Lehna’. The Guru then replied: ‘don’t worry when someone comes to take something they would come as you have’ (as Lehna means to take something) ‘if you give me the strings of your mind as you did with the horse saddles and let me direct you, you will be amazed… ‘
Bhai Lehna displayed deep and loyal service to Guru Nanak. Several stories display how Bhai Lehna was chosen over the Guru’s sons as his successor. One of these stories is about a jug which fell into mud. Guru Nanak’s sons would not pick it up; Sri Chand, the older, refused on the grounds that the filth would pollute him, and Lakshmi Chand, the younger, objected because the task was too menial for the son of a Guru. Bhai Lehna, however, picked it out of the mud, washed it clean, and presented it to Guru Nanak full of water. A different version of this story counts this as a key part of Guru Nanak deciding upon Bhai Lehna for his successor.
The Guru’s wife, Mata, said to Nanak “My Lord, keep my sons in mind,” meaning that she wished them to be the ones considered for succession to the guruship. Guru ordered them to come, and he threw a bowl into a pond of muddy water. The Guru ordered them to retrieve it for him, and both of them refused to do it. Guru Nanak then asked Bhai Lehna to retrieve it, and Bhai Lehna promptly complied.
In one instance, the Guru orders a wall of his house, which had fallen down, to be repaired. His sons refused to fix it immediately because of the storm that had knocked it down, and the lateness of morning. Guru Nanak said that he needed no masons while he had his Sikhs, and ordered them to repair it. Bhai Lehna started to repair the wall, but Nanak claimed that it was crooked when he was finished, and ordered him to knock it down and build it again. Bhai Lehna complied, and Nanak still claimed the wall was not straight. The Guru ordered him to attempt it a third time. At this, the Guru’s sons called Bhai Lehna a fool for putting up with such unreasonable orders. Bhai Lehna simply replied that a servant’s hands should be busy doing his master’s work.
Yet another anecdote exists where Guru Nanak asks his Sikhs and his sons to carry three bundles of grass for his cows and buffaloes, and, as with the other examples, his sons and his followers failed to show loyalty. Bhai Lehna, however, immediately asked to be tasked with carrying the bundles, which were wet and muddy. When Bhai Lehna and the Guru arrived at the Guru’s house, the Guru’s wife complained at Guru Nanak’s terrible treatment of a guest, noting how his clothes were covered from head to foot with mud. Guru Nanak then replied to her, “This is not mud; it is the saffron of God’s court, which marketh the elect.” Upon another inspection, the Guru’s wife saw that Bhai Lehna’s clothes had, indeed, changed into saffron. To this day, Sikhs consider the three bundles as important symbols of spiritual affairs, temporal affairs, and the Guruship.
In one of the most significant stories, Guru Nanak travels through the forest with his disciples. The Guru made gold and silver coins appear in front of the group, and all but two followers ran to pick them up: Bhai Lehna and Bhai Buddha. Guru Nanak led them both to a funeral pyre, and ordered them to eat the corpse that was hidden under a shroud. Bhai Buddha started thinking, but Bhai Lehna obeyed. When he lifted the shroud, he found the Guru Nanak himself underneath it. In a different version of this story, Bhai Lehna is met with Parshad (sacred food) instead of Guru Nanak. Bhai Lehna offers the Parshad to the Guru, satisfied to eat of the leavings. Guru Nanak, after this test, reveals the Japuji to Bhai Lehna, proclaims Bhai Lehna is of his own image, and promises that Bhai Lehna shall be the next Guru.
Guru Nanak had touched him and renamed him Angad (part of the body) or the second Nanak on 7 September 1539. Before becoming the new Guru he had spent six or seven years in the service of Guru Nanak at Kartarpur.
After the death of Guru Nanak on 22 September 1539, Guru Angad left Kartarpur for the village of Khadoor Sahib (near Goindwal Sahib). He carried forward the principles of Guru Nanak both in letter and spirit. Yogis and Saints of different sects visited him and held detailed discussions about Sikhi with him.